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Dental Implant Q&A

April 28, 2018

Filed under: Uncategorized — Spruce Ridge Dental @ 1:28 am

Have you ever thought what is a dental implant?  What are the benefits? Can anyone get dental implants?  Read the following questions and answers.

dental implant

1. What are dental implants?
A dental implant is an artificial tooth replacement that looks and performs much like a natural tooth. The implant itself is a small titanium screw inserted into the jawbone, onto which a restoration is fitted. The result is a natural-looking tooth replacement that has few of the drawbacks of traditional dental treatments, prevents bone loss and can last a lifetime.
2. What are the benefits of dental implants?
• Implants are fixed in place and do not move
• Implant-supported teeth look, feel and function just like your natural teeth
• Dental implants allow you to eat all the foods you like
• Dental implants have proven to be reliable, with a 95% or higher success rate
• Dental implants and your new teeth can be placed without impacting other healthy teeth
• Dental implants are placed into and fuse with the bone in your jaws, providing stability and preventing bone loss
• Dental implants provide a long-term solution to your dental problems, often lasting a lifetime
• With dental implants, you avoid the potential pain and embarrassment of dentures
3. How successful are dental implants?
Dental implants successfully integrate with the jawbone in over 97% of the cases. In those rare cases where an implant fails to properly attach to the bone, your dentist will remove the implant and place a new one in a slightly different position to achieve better integration with the bone.
4. Can anyone get dental implants?
If you have lost a single tooth, several teeth or all of your teeth, you are a candidate for dental implants.
As dental restoration techniques and technology have advanced, dental implants have become the preferred treatment for tooth loss. Dental implants surpass conventional treatments such as crowns, bridges and full or partial dentures, with greater benefits and fewer drawbacks.
5. What is involved in getting dental implants?
Traditional dental implant treatment involves an exam by your dentist, placement of the implants by your dentist, several months of healing time, then creation of your prosthesis (new teeth) by a trained restorative dentist. The entire process can take up to 12 months, or more.
Newer technologies (such as the 3-D CAT scanning, implant design, and treatment protocol) allow new teeth to be placed the same day as the dental implants, greatly reducing treatment times.
6. Who places dental implants? Where do I go for my treatment?
Though the treatment may be performed by any licensed dentist, most dental implants are placed and restored by specialists with additional training, qualifications, and experience in implant dentistry. Foothills Dental Implants has specialists on staff with years of experience focusing on dental implants, and our practice is built around providing the full range of services necessary to perform the entire procedure under one roof.
7. Does insurance cover the cost of dental implants?
Dental implants may qualify for some insurance coverage, but is somewhat limited, similar to the coverage provided for a bridge or partial denture.
8. How do I care for my dental implants and new teeth?
Caring for implant-supported teeth is essentially the same as caring for your natural teeth, including daily brushing and regular visits to your dentist for cleaning. The primary difference is with flossing, which we will explain to you once your treatment is complete.
9. Am I too old to have implants?
Age has not proven to significantly affect the success and effectiveness of dental implants. Both younger and older patients can benefit greatly from the treatment. The primary issue to be considered with elderly patients is overall health, and a number of medical conditions can preclude treatment. For some patients, we may require a physical, blood studies and cardiograms, in addition to a full medical history and a release from your medical doctor.

Dental Implants

April 18, 2018

Filed under: Uncategorized — Spruce Ridge Dental @ 8:31 pm

During the last 20 years, dental implants have become a desirable alternative to other methods of replacing missing teeth. Excellent success rates and a range of available options give dentists a variety of new ways to treat and replace lost teeth.

Dental Implants

Your dentist can evaluate your case and tell you if you are a candidate for dental implants. Structurally, a dental implant is a titanium-based cylinder that replaces the missing tooth root. After a period of time, other parts are placed on the implant to enable your dentist to eventually place a crown (cap) on the implant. Implants can also be used to support full or partial dentures, dramatically improving denture retention and stability.

Most patients with adequate bone mass can have implants, although it varies among individuals. Typically an x-ray and CT-scan are performed to determine if you have enough bone to place the implant, as well as to verify the size and kind of implant that should be placed.
Benefits of Dental Implants

When compared to fixed bridges and removable dentures supported by other teeth or gum tissue, implants offer numerous advantages:

1. Better esthetics:
Since implants are placed in the gum similar to the way a natural tooth is supported, they offer a more realistic and natural look compared to other alternatives.

2. Reduction of bone resorption:
When a tooth is lost, the supporting bone structure gradually recedes. Placing an implant in that empty space significantly reduces the speed of bone resorption and provides stability for this valuable tissue.

3. Retention:
Patients who have experienced removable full or partial dentures know that keeping their dentures in place is always a challenge. Dental implants offer a great improvement to denture retention for all patients. In some cases the denture can be secured to a group of implants with special screws that stabilize the denture completely.

4. Preserving natural tooth structure:
Often the preferred method of replacing a single missing tooth is a bridge. Bridges require extra preparation for the surrounding teeth to ultimately connect 3 or more teeth. This negatively impacts your health by making the task of retaining your teeth more difficult and by often requiring the destruction of existing tooth structure to create room for the new bridge. An implant is mostly an independent unit and does not negatively affect the adjacent teeth.

Composite Fillings

April 17, 2018

Filed under: Uncategorized — Spruce Ridge Dental @ 11:44 pm

Composite fillings are a mixture of glass or quartz filler in a resin medium that produces a tooth-colored filling. They are sometimes referred to as composites or filled resins. Composite fillings provide good durability and resistance to fracture in small-to-mid size restorations that need to withstand moderate chewing pressure. Less tooth structure is removed when the dentist prepares the tooth, and this may result in a smaller filling than that of an amalgam. Composites can also be “bonded” or adhesively held in a cavity, often allowing the dentist to make a more conservative repair to the tooth.

Composite Fillings

The cost is moderate and depends on the size of the filling and the technique used by the dentist to place it in the prepared tooth. It generally takes longer to place a composite filling than what is required for an amalgam filling. Composite fillings require a cavity that can be kept clean and dry during filling and they are subject to stain and discoloration over time.

Composite Fillings

What are the advantages of composites?

 

Aesthetics are the main advantage of composites, since dentists can blend shades to create a color nearly identical to that of the actual tooth. Composites bond to the tooth to support the remaining tooth structure, which helps to prevent breakage and insulate the tooth from excessive temperature changes.

 

What are the disadvantages?

After receiving a composite, a patient may experience postoperative sensitivity. Also, the shade of the composite can change slightly if the patient drinks tea, coffee or other staining foods.

Tooth Whitening

April 15, 2018

Filed under: Uncategorized — Spruce Ridge Dental @ 5:10 am

teeth-whitening-before-after

Many factors, including dietary habits (drinking coffee, tea, soda, and red wine) and certain medications, affect the whiteness of your smile. Tooth whitening is an affordable and effective way to combat common causes of tooth discoloration while boosting your self-confidence and improving your appearance.

We offer a wide range of tooth whitening products designed to brighten your smile. With custom designed take home, on-the-go, and in-office options, Tooth Whitening Systems accommodate all lifestyles and budgets.

Prescription-strength Tooth Whitening Systems are stronger and more effective than over-the-counter teeth whitening products, and are only available through your dentist.

Get more confidence in your smile with Tooth Whitening System

Safe

Take Home Whitening Gels are only available through your dentist. While using the Tooth Whitening System, your dentist will supervise your treatment from initial consultation through completion. The special whitening gel will not affect your gums, and in many cases can help improve your oral health by strengthening tooth enamel, decreasing sensitivity, and offering increased cavity prevention.

Effective

Powerful, prescription-strength Take Home Whitening Gels are available in varying strengths depending on your dental needs. Take Home Whitening Gels can provide results after just one night, although results may vary and can take up to a week before you experience noticeable changes.

Customized

Take Home Whitening Gels are delivered through customized bleaching trays designed to fit your unique smile. Your dentist will create your personal trays from an alginate impression of your mouth; this customization is part of what makes Take Home Whitening Gels so effective.

After Dental Treatment Care Instructions

April 13, 2018

Filed under: Uncategorized — Spruce Ridge Dental @ 10:06 pm

The following are dental treatment care instructions for the common treatment at the dental office.  We hope that this information will be helpful to you.

dental

Post Op Instructions – After Fillings

When anesthetic has been used, your lips, teeth, and tongue may be numb for several hours after the appointment.  Avoid any chewing until the numbness has completely worn off.

It’s normal to experience some hot, cold and pressure sensitivity after your appointment.  Your gums may be sore for several days.  Rinse three times a day  with warm salt water (put a tsp. of salt in a cup of warm water, rinse-swish-spit) to reduce pain and swelling.

Don’t chew hard foods or chew directly on your new silver fillings for twenty-four hours.  If possible, chew only on the opposite side of your mouth.  You may chew right away on white fillings since they set completely on the day of your appointment.

If your bite feels uneven, if you have persistent pain, or if you have any other questions or concerns, please call our office.

Post Op Instructions – After Root Canal Therapy

dental

Root canal therapy often takes two or more appointments to complete.  A temporary filling or crown is placed to protect the tooth between appointments.  After each appointment when anesthetic has been used, your lips, teeth, and tongue may be numb for several hours after the appointment.  Avoid any chewing until the numbness has completely worn off.

Between appointments it is common (and not a problem) for a small portion of your temporary filling to wear away or break off.  If the entire filling falls out, or if a temporary crown comes off, call us so that it can be replaced.

It’s normal to experience some discomfort for several days after a root canal appointment, especially when chewing.  To control discomfort, take pain medication as recommended.  To further reduce pain and swelling, rinse three times a day with warm salt water (a tsp of salt in a cup of warm water, rinse-swish-spit).

If antibiotics are prescribed, continue to take them as prescribed, even if all symptoms and signs of infection are gone.  To protect the tooth and help keep your temporary in place, avoid eating all sticky foods (especially gum), hard foods, and if possible, chew only on the opposite side of your mouth.  It’s important to continue to brush and floss normally.

Usually, the last step after root canal treatment is the placement of a crown on the tooth. A crown covers and protects the tooth from breaking in the future.  If your bite feels uneven, if you have persistent swelling or pain, or if you have nay other questions or concerns, please call our office.

Post-Op Instructions – After Crown and Bridge Appointments

dental

Crowns and bridges usually take two or three appointments to complete.  On the first appointment the teeth are prepared.  Temporary crowns or bridges are placed to protect the teeth while the custom restoration is being made.  After each appointment when anesthetic has been used, your lips, teeth, and tongue may be numb for several hours after the appointment.  Avoid any chewing until the numbness has completely worn off.

On rare occasions, temporary crowns come off.  Call us if this happens and keep the temporary so we can re-cement it.  It is very important for the proper fit of your final restoration that temporaries stay in place.

It’s normal to experience some hot, cold, and pressure sensitivity after each appointment.  Your gums may be sore for several days.  Rinse three times a day with warm salt water (a tsp of salt in a cup of warm water, rinse-swish-spit) to reduce pain and swelling.  Use medication only as directed.

To help keep your temporary in place, avoid eating sticky foods (especially gum), hard foods, and if possible, chew only on the opposite side of your mouth.  It’s important to continue to brush normally, but floss very carefully and remove the floss from the side to prevent removal of the temporary crown.

If your bridge feels uneven, if you have persistent pain, or you have any other questions or concerns, please call our office.

Post-Op Instructions – After Cosmetic Reconstruction

Remember that it will take time to adjust to the feel of your brand new bite.  When the bite is altered or the position of the teeth is changed it takes several days for the “brain” to recognize the new position of your teeth or their thickness as normal.  If you continue to detect any high spots or problems with your bite, call us so we can schedule an adjustment appointment.

It’s normal to experience some hot, cold, and pressure sensitivity.  Removing tooth structure and placement of new materials may result in a period of adjustment.  Your gums may also be sore for several days.  Rinse three times a day with warm salt water (a tsp of salt in a cup of warm water, rinse-swish-spit) to reduce pain and swelling.  Mild pain medication should ease your discomfort during the adjustment period.

Don’t be concerned if your speech is affected for the first few days.  You’ll quickly adapt and be speaking normally.  You may notice increased salivary flow.  Your brain may respond to the new size and shape of your teeth by increasing salivary flow.  This should subside to normal within a week or two.

Daily plaque removal is critical for the long term success of your dental work.  Maintain a regular oral hygiene route.  Daily brushing and flossing is a must.  Regular cleaning appointments in our office are also critically important.  We’ll use the appropriate cleaning abrasives and techniques for your specific cosmetic work.

It’s important to change habits to protect your new teeth.  Any food that could chip, crack, or damage your natural teeth can do the same to your new cosmetic restorations.  Avoid sticky candies, any unusually hard foods substances, (such as peanut brittle, fingernails, pencils, or ice).  Avoid or minimize your use of foods that stain such as tea, coffee, red wine and berries.  Smoking will quickly yellow your teeth.

Let us know if you grind your teeth at night or engage in sports so we can make you a custom mouthguard.  Adjusting to the look and feel of your new smile will take time.  If you have any problems or concerns, we always welcome your questions.  Thank you very much for choosing Arrowhead Dental Associates for your dental treatment.

Post-Op Instructions – After Tooth Extraction

After an extraction, it’s important for a blood clot to form to stop the bleeding and begin the healing process.  That’s why we ask you to bite on a gauze pad for 30 to 45 minutes after extraction.  If bleeding or oozing continues after you remove the gauze pad, place another gauze pad and bite firmly for another thirty minutes.  You may have to do this several times.

After the blood clot forms it is important to protect it especially for the next 24 hours.

So Don’t:

  • Smoke
    •  Suck through a straw
    •  Rinse your mouth vigorously
    •  Clean the teeth next to the extraction site

These activities will dislodge the clot and slow down healing.  Limit yourself to calm activities for the first 24 hours, this keeps your blood pressure lower, reduces bleeding, and helps the healing process.

After the tooth is extracted you may feel some pain and have some swelling.  You can use an ice bag to keep this to a minimum.  The swelling usually starts to go down after 48 hours.

Use pain medication only as directed, call the office if it doesn’t seem to be working.  If antibiotics are prescribed, continue to take them for the indicated length of time, even if all symptoms and signs of infection are gone.  Drink lots of fluid and eat only soft nutritious foods on the day of the extraction.  Don’t use alcoholic beverages and avoid hot and spicy foods.  You can begin eating normally the next day or as soon as it is comfortable.

Gently rinse your mouth with salt water three times a day beginning the day after the extraction (a tsp of salt in a cup of warm water, rinse-swish-spit).  Also, rinse gently after meals, it helps keep food out of the extraction site.  It is very important to resume your normal dental routine after 24 hours; this should include brushing your teeth and tongue and flossing at least once a day.  This speeds healing and helps keep your breath and mouth fresh.

Call us right away if you have heavy bleeding, severe pain, continued swelling after two or three days, or a reaction to the medication.  After a few days you will be feeling fine and can resume your normal activities.

dental implants

April 9, 2018

Filed under: Uncategorized — Spruce Ridge Dental @ 9:00 pm

What are Dental Implants?

Dental Implants are designed to provide a stable foundation for replacement teeth that look, feel and function like natural teeth.

dental implants

Dental Implants are small, surgical titanium, screw-shaped, threaded fixtures that are placed into the bone in the upper (Maxillary) and/or lower (Mandibular) arches of the mouth. They are used to replace one or many missing teeth, or to stabilize dentures. Titanium is an inert metal that is capable of creating a very tight bond with bone. Titanium is used in other operations such as knee or hip replacements — so it is a proven surgical component.
The implant acts like the root of a natural tooth, and bone actually forms around a special coating on the implant to hold the implant firmly in place. This process is referred to as osseo-integration. A crown, with the look, feel, and function of a natural tooth is then affixed to an abutment (post) which is connected to the implant. The ‘abutment’ is simply a small connecting piece between the implant and the crown.

dental implants

In cases where there are multiple missing teeth, or where the patient has previously had dentures, multiple implants are placed in the mouth to allow for implant-supported crowns or bridges, ball or “Locator” abutment retained Overdentures, and/or Titanium or Gold Bar-supported Overdentures.

Dental Implants, being made of Surgical Titanium, are very strong and durable. Titanium is a bio-compatible material for the body and is widely used for hip and knee surgeries.   The success rate for dental implants is extremely high; and, with proper care, good dental hygiene, and a healthy life style, it is quite rare that implants will fail.  Technology and procedures have advanced significantly since the first implants were placed.  Some failed implants can be attributed to an unhealthy lifestyle (smoking)or to poor dental hygiene.

Nightguards and Splints for Teeth Grinding

April 5, 2018

Filed under: Uncategorized — Spruce Ridge Dental @ 12:40 am

Bruxism is the dental term for teeth grinding and clenching. Grinding and clenching may cause wear of the enamel of the teeth sometimes even fractures of the teeth, recession of the gums (the pulling down of the gum tissue from it’s natural level), bone loss around the teeth and TMJ (jaw joint) disorder.

Grinding

Many people are not aware of a grinding/clenching habit until their dentist or dental hygienist point out warning signs within the mouth. Also people who grind/clench may have extraoral symptoms such as headaches, ear, neck, facial or jaw pain. Grinding usually occurs during the night because it is a subconscious neuromuscular disorder. Clenching can occur during both the day and night.

Nightguards

A custom-made nightguard is recommended for those who grind/clench their teeth to prevent further wear/breakdown of the tooth structure. Use of a nightguard can also help relax the TMJ (jaw joint), muscles of the face, head and neck thus preventing excess strain and the subsequent discomfort that may come with it. Keep the TMJ joint in neutral position with a night guard fitted to your mouth. Night guards that are custom fit by the dentist leave the TMJ (jaw joint) in neutral position. The guard trains the joint to relax and relieves pressure.

Identification of grinding/clenching habit

If you grind/clench your teeth while you sleep, you may wake in the morning with painful teeth, jaw joint, neck or facial discomfort..Sometimes even a spouse notes the noise that originates due to grinding/clenching of the teeth.

Grinding/clenching can also occur in children. Sometimes it goes away by the time children reach the age of 10, othertimes it may get worse. When the permanent teeth erupt, the alignment of the teeth can sometimes play a factor in whether the habit continues.

Grinding or clenching also may occur during the day. It is more likely that a person may clench during the day, this may happen when a person is stressed, tired or it simply may be a habit.

Their is no scientific explanation for grinding/clenching and most dentists do not agree on the origination. This neuromuscular disorder has had many theories linked to it; misalignment of the jawbone(s), genetics, allergies, intake of caffeine, tobacco or amphetamines. Regardless, a nightguard can help prevent much of the pressure on the teeth.

Preventive Hygiene

April 3, 2018

Filed under: Uncategorized — Spruce Ridge Dental @ 1:39 am

You can keep your teeth and gums healthy by brushing regularly, flossing, and visiting our clinic for regular hygiene appointments. We recommend hygiene appointments every 3-6 months for most patients with the frequently tailored to the health of gums and pocket depth readings.

 

hygiene
We want to ensure that your teeth remain free of any build-up, and look healthy and beautiful all year round!

Scaling
Scaling is a major part of every hygiene appointment and allows us to reduce plaque, tartar and bacteria that may reside on your teeth. We employ two methods of scaling on your teeth, one of which is a traditional hand scaling tool. The method used depends on your unique hygiene circumstances.

Oral Cancer Detection
Family doctors don’t regularly provide oral cancer exams, but early detection is vitally important in combatting the disease. (Citations of dental research sources are available upon request, or you may do further research online.) We complete oral cancer screening during your New Patient Comprehensive Evaluation, and additional screening may be pursued as part of your annual hygiene schedule.
We Will…
• Offer a comprehensive prevention program for people with higher risk of tooth decay
• Communicate closely between hygienists and dentist, for the most comprehensive understanding of our patients
• Explain all treatment plans carefully, and the impact of your dental health on your general health
• Offer dietary advice that can benefit your dental health
• Offer topical anesthetic for patients with sensitive gums and teeth
• Treat periodontal (gum) disease using deep scaling and root planing
• Monitor your gums’ overall health at your regular appointments
• Provide teeth whitening
• Discuss the use of our preferred dental hygiene products: floss, toothpastes, electric toothbrushes, water picks, medicated toothpastes, etc.

Composite (Tooth-Colored) Restorations

April 2, 2018

Filed under: Uncategorized — Spruce Ridge Dental @ 1:27 am

At Spruce Ridge Dental, we offer tooth-colored composite dental fillings to give you a flawless, beautiful smile – even if you have had a cavity or two! Unlike the amalgam fillings of the past, white composite fillings blend in perfectly with your teeth so you do not have to be afraid to smile wide or laugh whenever you feel like it.

Jasper, Hinton, Edson Dental Office

Advantages of Tooth-Colored Composite Fillings

Tooth-colored fillings have an obvious cosmetic advantage over amalgam fillings, but the benefits don’t end there. Composite fillings also help to support the tooth from the inside. When the filling is placed, it is cured in layers, and it bonds to the inside of the tooth. This is especially beneficial when a large portion of the tooth requires filling material, for instance when a root canal is performed. Composite dental fillings can make the tooth stronger and less likely to need additional dental work in the future.

Because amalgam fillings are made of metal, they expand and contract with the application of heat or cold. This means that while you are enjoying your morning cup of tea or an ice cream sundae for dessert, your fillings are subtly shifting. Over time, these minute movements can cause the filling to become loose and either fall out or create an opening for bacteria to sneak past the filling and cause decay. At Foothills Dental, we can remove your loose or otherwise damaged dental fillings and replace them with new white composite fillings.

Amalgam fillings contain mercury, a known toxin. While multiple studies have shown that the mercury in dental fillings is not chemically active and no poisonings have ever been linked to the mercury in dental fillings, many people would prefer not to have mercury in their own or their children’s teeth. White composite fillings are 100 percent mercury-free.

Do I Have a Cavity?

When you come in for your regular, twice-yearly examinations, one of the things we check for is cavities. X-rays often help us catch cavities that are just getting started so we can repair them before they do any further damage to your tooth. Cavities in the early stages often have no symptoms at all. Our digital imaging makes it easy not only for us to find cavities that are small or hidden between your teeth, it also allows us to show you exactly where the cavity is so it can be filled promptly.

If it has been a while since your last dental check-up, you may have developed cavities. Call us if you are experiencing any of the following symptoms:

  • Sudden pain in your teeth
  • Sensitivity to hot, cold, and sweet foods and drinks
  • Pain when chewing
  • Visible pitting in your tooth

A cavity that is not treated quickly can grow and develop into advanced decay, which may require additional treatment or even extraction of the tooth.

We have plenty of suggestions for the best ways to prevent cavities, and we are happy to discuss these with you. For more information about white composite fillings or to schedule an examination or a dental cleaning, please call our office today!

What are dental crowns used for?

April 1, 2018

Filed under: Uncategorized — Spruce Ridge Dental @ 4:25 am

Dental crowns are typically used to cover and protect a tooth that has cracked, broken, or is significantly damaged by decay. The tooth is shaped to allow the crown to fit over the top and then the crown is bonded into place. Crowns are created to look like your teeth, and most people will never know the difference.

dental

Crowns are also used to restore dental implants. In this case, instead of being affixed to your own tooth, the crown is attached to an implant, which has been surgically placed in the space where a tooth used to be. This allows us to replace missing teeth with crowns that both look and function like your own teeth.

Crowns are also used in cosmetic dentistry to cover and conceal a tooth that is severely damaged, didn’t develop properly, or has significant discoloration that can be corrected with tooth whitening.

Today’s crowns are aesthetic and blend in flawlessly with your own natural teeth. This is a huge improvement from previous crown technology, which often left an unpleasant gray line right at the gumline. Today, most people will never know your secret!

Why Is a Dental Crown Needed?

A dental crown may be needed in the following situations:
1. To protect a weak tooth (for instance, from decay) from breaking or to hold together parts of a cracked tooth
2. To restore an already broken tooth or a tooth that has been severely worn down
3. To cover and support a tooth with a large filling when there isn’t a lot of tooth left
4. To hold a dental bridge in place
5. To cover mis-shapened or severely discolored teeth
6. To cover a dental implant
7. To make a cosmetic modification
For children, a crown may be used on primary (baby) teeth in order to:
• Save a tooth that has been so damaged by decay that it can’t support a filling.
• Protect the teeth of a child at high risk for tooth decay, especially when a child has difficulty keeping up with daily oral hygiene.
• Decrease the frequency of general anesthesia for children unable because of age, behavior, or medical history to fully cooperate with the requirements of proper dental care.
In such cases, a pediatric dentist is likely to recommend a stainless steel crown.
What Types of Crowns Are Available?
Permanent crowns can be made from stainless steel, all metal (such as gold or another alloy), porcelain-fused-to-metal, all resin, or all ceramic.
• Stainless steel crowns are prefabricated crowns that are used on permanent teeth primarily as a temporary measure. The crown protects the tooth or filling while a permanent crown is made from another material. For children, a stainless steel crown is commonly used to fit over a primary tooth that’s been prepared to fit it. The crown covers the entire tooth and protects it from further decay. When the primary tooth comes out to make room for the permanent tooth, the crown comes out naturally with it. In general, stainless steel crowns are used for children’s teeth because they don’t require multiple dental visits to put in place and so are more cost- effective than custom-made crowns and prophylactic dental care needed to protect a tooth without a crown.
• Metals used in crowns include gold alloy, other alloys (for example, palladium), or a base-metal alloy (for example, nickel or chromium). Compared with other crown types, less tooth structure needs to be removed with metal crowns, and tooth wear to opposing teeth is kept to a minimum. Metal crowns withstand biting and chewing forces well and probably last the longest in terms of wear down. Also, metal crowns rarely chip or break. The metallic color is the main drawback. Metal crowns are a good choice for out-of-sight molars.
• Porcelain-fused-to-metal dental crowns can be color matched to your adjacent teeth (unlike the metallic crowns). However, more wearing to the opposing teeth occurs with this crown type compared with metal or resin crowns. The crown’s porcelain portion can also chip or break off. Next to all-ceramic crowns, porcelain-fused-to-metal crowns look most like normal teeth. However, sometimes the metal underlying the crown’s porcelain can show through as a dark line, especially at the gum line and even more so if your gums recede. These crowns can be a good choice for front or back teeth.
• All-resin dental crowns are less expensive than other crown types. However, they wear down over time and are more prone to fractures than porcelain-fused-to-metal crowns.
• All-ceramic or all-porcelain dental crowns provide better natural color match than any other crown type and may be more suitable for people with metal allergies. However, they are not as strong as porcelain-fused-to-metal crowns and they wear down opposing teeth a little more than metal or resin crowns. All-ceramic crowns are a good choice for front teeth.
• Temporary versus permanent. Temporary crowns can be made in your dentist’s office, whereas permanent crowns are made in a dental laboratory. Temporary crowns are made of acrylic or stainless steel and can be used as a temporary restoration until a permanent crown is constructed by a lab.
• Zirconia or milled crown – which are digitally constructed either in an office that has the software and hardware to produce them or in a dental lab. Dental offices that have the software and hardware have the ability to produce a crown in one visit with no need for a temporary. These crowns require no impression.

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#20 - 4 Spruce Ridge Drive, Spruce Grove, AB T7X 4S3 CA
Dr. Mark Southwood Spruce Grove, AB dentist. (780) 962-5538 (780) 962-4485 spruceridgedental@hotmail.ca